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The speaker is a 65-year-old White man with a grade school education from Rollins, Montana; he was recorded in 1966.

County: Lake
State: MT

At the time of this interview, it was estimated that forest land covered about one-fifth of Montana. Consequently, it is no surprise that the lumber industry provided a large number of jobs throughout the state. A significant portion of the total production was logged in Flathead County, which borders Lake County, where Rollins (current population 209) is located. In this segment the speaker talks about various methods and machinery used in logging over the years.
Inf: Oh, I was about sixteen then. You didn???t need any Social Security or other type employment cards. And in those days, it was all horse logging, before trucks. And uh, they used mainly the front bunks of a sleigh and dragged the back of the logs. It was all hand sawing. Cant hook and peavey work. In this area, they took the logs to the lakeshore and banked them up there, probably a million, million and a half feet in a area. Then in the spring when the breakup came on the lake, they???d send a tugboat with boom from the mills. Summers at Polson. And, uh, they???d row them into lake, into water and put a boom around ???em and tow ???em back with a tug. And that type of work kept up until the trucks entered the picture, about 1920, ???22, ???25. And later on, the chain saws came into it and they hauled directly to the mills instead of hauling ???em by boom, towing ???em. And uh, they used to hew a lot of ties around the lake. And they were taken up there the same way, by boom, but now it???s practically all sawed ties. I worked some in high-lead logging camps on the coast, but that was an entirely different type of work. They used steam donkeys then, had a wood splitter, wood bucker, fireman, engineer, usually three chokermen, a rigging slinger, and a hook tender. And uh, in those days, with the donkeys, they???d log out about a hundred thousand feet a day to the side, where in the woods here at that time, why they did well to get ten, twelve, fifteen thousand feet a day.

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