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The speaker is a 67-year-old White man with a college education from Port Clinton; he was recorded in 1968.



County: Ottawa
State: OH

Commentary:
Situated 40 miles northeast of Toledo, where Lake Erie and the Portage River meet, Port Clinton is the county seat of Ottawa County and has a current population of about 6,000. In this segment the speaker talks about a significant Civil War site in Ohio: a Union prison for Confederate soldiers located on Johnson???s Island, about 12 miles east of Port Clinton. The speaker also talks about Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, an officer in the U.S. Navy who had a significant role in winning the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812. Perry is remembered for the report he made after this victory: ???We have met the enemy and they are ours; two ships, two brigs, one schooner and one sloop.???
FW: What can you tell me about this, uh, island out in the bay, where the Civil War prisoners were kept?

Inf: Well, uh, that was Johnson???s Island. And, uh, they brought some of the Confederate prisoners and uh, and kept them on the island. And, uh, of course, they, uh, there was quite a few of them died there, and there???s a cemetery there now that, uh, is being kept up and it has the gravestones, in fact there was a pa-, there was a, a picture in the paper the other day about it and, uh, I, there must be sixty or seventy Southern soldiers that are buried there and, uh, really, that???s, that???s all I-I know about it. They, uh, there was a plot at one time to, uh, free them, but it failed and uh, really that, that???s, that???s all there is that uh I know. The i-, in fact, the island is, uh, farmed by, uh, some farmer over there and uh, I???ve, according t-, I???ve never been over there, but there???s quite a monument there and uh, I-I saw the picture of the graves and so forth. And uh, really, that???s all I-I can, I can tell you about it.

FW: What???s this, uh, monument out here on???what was it, South Bass Island or Middle Bass?

Inf: Ah, well, uh, Commodore Perry, you see, the British were going to uh, take this territory in the War of 1812. And they, uh, they had a fleet that came out of Detroit. And Commodore Perry formed a fleet built o-of, I think, three ships in Buffalo. And he met them over at Put-in-Bay and defeated ???em. And, uh, there???s a famous saying that uh, he informed the President, he says, uh, ???We have met the enemy and they are ours, one sloop, one so forth and so forth, so forth.??? And uh, they fought in that, uh, bay there, and that big monument is, uh, to commemorate the battle of Lake Erie and uh, in honor of Gov-, of uh, Admiral Perry.

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