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The speaker is a 75-year-old White man with a high school education from Quakertown, Pennsylvania; he was recorded in 1967.





County: Bucks
State: PA

Commentary:
As its name implies, Quakertown was founded by Quakers in 1715. Thirty miles north of Philadelphia, the town was once the main stopping point for travelers between Allentown and Philadelphia; in the nineteenth century, it was home to industries such as cigar factories, silk mills, and stove foundries. Today it has a population of around 9,000 and is largely a commuter community for those who work in the Philadelphia and Allentown urban areas. In this segment the speaker talks about memories of a local ice cream maker???s product.
Inf: Well [chair squeaks], when I was a boy, about uh, twelve years old, there was an ice cream uh, manufacturer across the street from our home. And in summertime, eh my brother and I would uh, uh, sell ice cream nuggets, as they were called. And so???

FW: They???re called ice cream nuggets.

Inf: Ice cream nuggets. And he uh, he manufactured these little cubes that were about uh, an inch-and-a-half cube. Wrapped them in, uh, paper and, uh, packed them in, uh, cans. And we???d take, uh, two tubs of these uh, ice cream nuggets on our express wagon, one chocolate and one vanilla, and uh, peddle them around town for a penny apiece, ringing a bell. And the kids from all directions would come running when they heard this bell ring.

FW: Do you remember how he made them? Did he have a mold for them or something?

Inf: I really don???t know. I think he had, must???ve had a mold.

FW: It was kind of more an ice cube than it was really ice cream, wasn???t it?

Inf: Well, it was ice cream, but it was very s- [FW: Thin], skim milk, I think. It was very cheaply made and uh, I think he had uh, probably uh, molds. I don???t, don???t remember. I suppose I saw at that time, how they were made, but I really don???t recall how they were made. I???


The speaker is a 74-year-old White woman with a college education from New Hope, Pennsylvania; she was recorded in 1968.





County: Bucks
State: PA

Commentary:
Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn, who sought a place where Quakers, also known as the Religious Society of Friends, could practice their religion without persecution. In this segment the speaker talks about Quakers in the area of New Hope, Pennsylvania, a town on the far southeastern border with New Jersey. The term Meeting refers both to a congregation and to its gatherings, held in the area Meeting House, to worship and to review business and other matters (such as members??? wedding engagements).
Inf: Oh, well yes. They, they were the fellows that had the first schools around.

FW: In this area [Inf: Mm]. What percentage of this area, would you say, is Quaker? Of the people???

Inf: Oh, very trifling [FW: Oh]. I wouldn???t know. I???m no good at percentages.

FW: But it???s uh, especially???

Inf: But there are not many anymore.

FW: Especially because, that???s because people have moved in that aren???t- [Inf: That???s right], isn???t that basically it?

Inf: That???s right.

FW: I mean it was a pretty heavy???

Inf: Quakers have died or moved away, or in the old days, uh, in the old days before my mother???s time, anyone who belonged to the Meeting and married somebody who did not belong to the c-, f-, f-, Quakers, was thrown out of the Meeting.

FW: Oh, really?

Inf: And they, uh, cut down their membership considerably and dush-, and hurt themselves badly [FW: Yes]. That was the most foolish thing that they could have done [FW: Yes]. So that did away with a good many Quakers. [Children talking, moving] And in my time, the trouble has been, and I ju-, I-, first place, the old-time Quakers, the old families are pretty well died out. The second place, those families??? places in the neighborhood have been taken up by frie-, people who are not Friends. All these farms around here, all of them, as far as you could travel with a horse and wagon in a, in a day, were Quaker, in my time. Now they???

FW: How many, how many people would you say a-, are in the Meeting here now?

Inf: We have a membership, I should judge, of about a hundred fifty, but I???m not sure about that, even.

FW: Mm-hmm. And that would take in almost to Yardley, wouldn???t it? Or would it???

Inf: You mean a hun???

FW: Uh your ma-, your tra-, the Meeting would take in almost to Yardley, would it not?

Inf: For members?

FW: Uh-huh.

Inf: Don???t know, no. There???s, there???s another mem-, Meeting between here and Yardley.

FW: Oh, there is. And there???s one in Yardley, I think.

Inf: And there???s a nice new one in Yardley, building, I mean, nice new building there. The little uh, the little old Meeting House???do you know where College Avenue is in Yardley? I guess you don???t.

FW: Is that the main avenue?

Inf: No. That main street and then College A???

FW: That, the main street, the main street???s where the new one is. I???ve seen the new one.

Inf: Yes, well, the, the, that???s on Main Street. And farther downtown in Yardley comes College Avenue. On the top of the hill is the school. It???s now an elementary school, used to be a high school when I taught there. And the Meeting House is down at the foot of that hill. It???s been changed a little on the outside, but if you look carefully, you can see that was one time a Friends??? Meeting. It is now an insurance, uh, office building [FW: Hmm]. But they changed it very little. I thought it very nice in a???

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