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The speaker is a 62-year-old White woman with a college education from Silver Spring, Maryland; she was recorded in 1967.




County: DC
State: DC

Commentary:
Despite its status as an unincorporated municipality, Silver Spring is a major business and residential center in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area, with a present-day population of approximately 71,500. In this segment the speaker shares a story about her grandfather, a general in the Union Army during the Civil War. She refers to events of July 1864, when Confederate General Jubal Early???s troops occupied Silver Spring prior to the Battle of Fort Stevens; ???Admiral Lee??? is Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee.
Inf: Well, we have, uh, another type of story around here concerning, uh, my grandfather, who was a general in the um, Army, and um, Admiral Lee, who um, both of them were in the Civil War. And um, each one claimed, uh, when they would get together for joking, talking, each one claimed that uh, he had been responsible for winning the Civil War. So, uh, one time they were laughing together, and uh, Admiral Lee said uh, well actually he was the one who saved Washington. So Grandpa said uh, ???Well, what do you mean???? Well, it seemed that when Jubal Early came down the Seventh Street Pike, which is now Georgia Avenue out here, and was on his way to take, um, Washington at the Battle of Fort Stevens, just on the outskirts of the city. Before he got there, he got to Silver Spring. And Admiral Lee had stocked his cellar with, uh, Navy rum that the government had put on sale because they had uh, had uh, given it up, I think, for the sailors or something. But anyway, Admiral Lee had bought quite a stock of this, uh, government rum and had it in the cellar of his, uh, home, which was the original Silver Spring. That???s what the town was named for. So, uh, when Jubal Early came down with his soldiers, they ransacked the Lee mansion, and they found this rum and got themselves all gloriously drunk. And so [Laughter], when they got down to Fort Stevens, the few little militia left in Washington came out to uh, hold the line, which they did very easily because all of the Southern soldiers were drunk on Admiral Lee???s uh, rum, so he says that he is the one who saved Washington.


The speaker is a 56-year-old Black man with a high school education from Washington, D.C.; he was recorded in 1970.




County: DC
State: DC

Commentary:
Washington, D.C., was founded in 1791 to serve as the capital of the United States and named in honor of George Washington. The District of Columbia is under exclusive jurisdiction of the United States Congress and therefore is not part of any U.S. state. It is the home of numerous monuments and museums as well as all three branches of the federal government. In this segment the speaker gives his opinions on the Vietnam War.
Inf: I can???t really understand the war in, uh, Vietnam. I???m, I???m against it all the way, I mean, uh, uh, it???s a lot of, a lot of people say it???s, uh, the heads of the nation are, are getting rich, uh, at the expense of a lot of youth, you know. An-, and the future of this country is in, i-i-is in the hands of the youth, I mean, that???s where it is, I mean, if you kill them all, let all the ol??? fogies like me, we, we, we???re, what???s there, what???s there, what???s there, our brains all clouded with one thing or another, brainwashed, in sense, in, in a sense, I mean th-, the war is useless t-, until, until, uh, uh-, unless it???s uh, uh, i-i-, the guys that want the war is making some money from it. Like, uh, this man, uh, from Russia, Khrushchev, said that, told us in the fifties that he was gonna bury us and not fire a shot. And he???s doing it, because that???s where all the dope is coming from, in, by the Russians bringing it in here, and he has the Whites fighting the Whites, the Blacks fighting the Blacks, and the Whites and the Blacks fighting and, and it???s a lot of dissension and it, i-it just don???t make sense. I mean i-i because, uh, uh, you catch these youngsters on dope, and, uh, eh, uh, they turn into vegetables just like potatoes or a hedge or a piece or blade of grass, the-e-, they just run loose unless somebody takes a [FW: Why-] hold of ???em.

FW: Why do you think it is that so many youngsters today are???take dope?

Inf: Well, they???re upset, i-, it???s no work for ???em, it???s nothing to do, and it???s just putting ???em off into, uh, into a thing, uh, uh, uh, it gets ???em a, a false support or something like that. But most of ???em, u-uh that take, th-th-that take, that take this dope, you know, they just go off and dream, you know. They think that they???re great. And when they get back, it???s just nothing, it???s bag of nerves, itching and carrying on, stupid, won???t take a bath.


The speaker is a Black man of unknown age and education from Washington, D.C.; he was recorded in 1966.




County: DC
State: DC

Commentary:
Washington, D.C., was founded in 1791 to serve as the capital of the United States and named in honor of George Washington. The District of Columbia is under exclusive jurisdiction of the United States Congress and therefore is not part of any U.S. state. It is the home of numerous monuments and museums as well as all three branches of the federal government. In this segment the speaker talks about his job as a mechanic and how it gave him the opportunity to work for a historical figure.
Inf: I have been a mechanic most of my life [FW: Mm-hmm]. And I worked with automobiles in the early stage.

FW: The early stage of automobiles, that is [Inf: Yes]. Mm-hmm.

Inf: The first car I learned to operate was a one-cylinder Oldsmobile. [Laughter] And then the, uh, two-cylinder Ford [FW: Mm-hmm]. I worked in the shop where they re-, re-, repaired Fords, and uh, had met Mr. Henry Ford, Senior [FW: Mm-hmm]. And one of the things that will always be outstanding in my mind was helping to build a machine for Walter Wellman. He was one of the, the early explorers searching for the North Pole.

FW: Walter Wellman [Inf: Walter Wellman]. Mm-hmm.

Inf: He preceded Perry. [FW: He did?] He got nearer the pole at that time. And this machine, we took a motorcycle, an Indian motorcycle [FW: Mm-hmm] and built a rack and attached it to the front fork where the front wheel would have been on this automobile [FW: Mm-hmm], (xx) motorcycle. And uh, I failed to say that, uh, he traveled by balloon [FW: Huh] and got near the, near the, nearer to the pole at that time. [FW: Isn???t that something?] And the balloon fell, or gave out. And at one point I heard that they had to eat some of the dogs. They carried everything to make the preparations for their safety [FW: Yes]. And this machine we built was for him to take to make another attempt.

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